Now that you have your plant selection you can organize it by making a list. Try to include as much information about each individual type of plant as possible. Characteristics such as; mature height and width, amount of sun and water requirements, color of flowers and foliage etc. will all help determine the placement of the plants.
Mature height and width will determine the spacing and the amount of plants you will need.
Sun requirements will help you decide where in your garden to plant them. For example you should plant shade-loving plants in shady parts of your garden and under trees.
Water requirements; a good idea would be to group plants that require similar amounts of water together for easier irrigation.
Flower color can help you group the plants in accordance to the color wheel. If you decide to just use color as an accent you could use the color information to equally space the flowers or colorful plants around your small garden.
Another consideration to put on the list is what function or role are the plants going to have in the small garden. By this I mean; are they going to attract butterflies, provide shade, are they just for decoration, or are they going to provide food (fruits/vegetables/herbs). Again, you may want to group similar functions in certain areas or plant them randomly around the garden.
It’s time to take out your small garden design plan and your tracing paper. First, draw in any large plants you’ve chosen such as; trees or bushes. These will form a foundation for your garden. When drawing the trees just draw the trunk as a solid circle and the mature width of the canopy as a dotted circle.
Next, you can begin drawing clusters of the different plants you’ve chosen. You can differentiate each plant by color (assign each plant a different color). Or by symbol – the symbols can look like the actual plants. Organize them by size, color, water & sun requirements, or function or however else you want. Just draw clusters for now since you haven’t calculated amounts yet.
Remember to keep in mind the style and function of your small garden. Make sure to leave a blank space for any materials or elements you may be placing later. What may also be helpful is to label the plan with the names of each plant. Go ahead and play around with this for a while until you get something to your liking.
For examples of small garden landscape design plans with plant lists click Here.